乌克兰式的卷心菜卷塞满了猪肉和米饭

The name for stuffed cabbage rolls in the Ukrainian language is “holubtsi.” There are many versions of how this word appeared. One of them is that the word “holubtsi” derived under the influence of the French cuisine, that was popular in the second half of the XIX century, when fried pigeons (“holuby”) rolled in cabbage were served. Ukrainians and Russians modified the recipe and came up with a more affordable way of cooking.

Ukrainians started to stuff cabbage rolls with meat and rice and cooked them with tomato juice or paste as a sauce. Today these are the most widespread ingredients for cabbage rolls.

However, there are dozens of other variations for fillings in different regions of Ukraine, including meatless ones as well as different combinations of meat, veggies, and grains. For wrapping Ukrainians use fresh or pickled cabbage leaves, in the spring time replaced with grape leaves in the southwest and with red beet leaves in other parts of the country. The cooking liquid may be tomato juice, broth, and sour cream.

在乡村西部,玉米砂粒被广泛用作灌装,在东部乌克兰荞麦面很好。轻微煮熟的谷物与炸洋葱和猪肉裂缝结合,只有在节假日中加入碎肉。在First Boodbage卷炒,然后放入一个大锅中。酱汁由kvas,肉汤或kvas与水混合。有时也加入酸奶油。将锅放入较好的烤箱中并在白菜变得柔软时脱落。

白菜卷的大小也有所不同。例如,在左岸乌克兰Holubtsi是由整个卷心菜叶制成的,所以它们很大,而在西部的卷心菜被分成几件,所以卷较小。

我们要烹饪烤制的卷心菜卷。这是一个神话般的,美味的菜肴,卷心菜叶子围绕着与黑胡椒和大蒜调味的平衡猪肉和米饭。

I’ll use pork, but you can take whatever ground meat you happen to have – chicken, beef, turkey, or even their mixture. If you want a lighter version, then it’s better to use chicken. To get heartier dish, you can add chopped bacon or salt pork to the ground meat.

Ingredients:

  • 1 carrot
  • 1 bulb onion
  • 145 g (5 oz) rice
  • 1 head of cabbage
  • 2-3 cloves of garlic
  • 3 fresh parsley twigs
  • 500 g (17,5 oz) minced pork
  • 2-3 tomatoes/2 tbsp of tomato sauce
  • sour cream (for serving)
  • ground black pepper – to taste
  • salt – to taste

Cooking

Wash cabbage leaves, put them in salted boiling water, and cook 1-2 minutes until soft. Take out the leaves from the pan and wait till the water drains. Cut out a thick center part of each leaf at the bottom of its stem.

Now let’s make a stuffing.

Peel and chop a bulb onion. Wash, peel, and grate a carrot. Fry the onion and carrot until they get a golden color. Wash and chop parsley. Rinse tomatoes (you can take off the peal if you wish) and cut them finely.

Wash rice and boil it until half done. Peel garlic cloves and crush them. Mix minced pork, rice, garlic, tomatoes, and parsley together. Stir everything thoroughly. Season the stuffing with salt and ground black pepper.

To roll holubtsi, put a cabbage leaf on a flat surface with the stem end facing you. Place about 2⁄3 cup of the filling in the center of the leaf. Fold in the sides and roll the leaf over firmly to enclose the filling. Then tap the leaf under itself to create a tight bundle. Repeat with the remaining leaves and filling.

Arrange stuffed cabbage rolls in a saucepan next to each other so they won't unravel. Pour boiled water above holubtsi and add the mixture of fried onion and carrot. Simmer the rolls in the oven for 20 minutes and then pour sour cream above them. Continue to cook for half an hour until fully done.

Since these Ukrainian cabbage rools can be served hot or at room temperature, they are great both as a warm comfort food on a chilly day or as a hearty appetizer to serve your guests at a party.

Serve cabbage rolls with a generous dollop of sour cream.

Enjoy your meal!

你有一个最喜欢的乌克兰食谱与猪肉和米饭卷卷吗?如果是这样,请告诉我们在下面的评论中或写信给我们e-mail.